Muslima.com is a Muslim marriage and matrimonials site that assists people to find a Muslim partner for friendship or marriage. You can use our site to meet Muslim singles , Muslim ladies seeking marriage, Muslim chat, Muslim friends or Muslim penpals .: Islam Women For Dating Islam singles seek love, dating and marriage. Join free today.:
Somali News
    Hees  

Somalia: Drought Concerns & Response Plan


Nairobi Tuesday 01 February 2011 SMC


Summary Paper Drought Concerns & Response Plan
Updated: 31 January 2011

Somalia is facing a severe and increasingly acute drought which is spreading to regions that received good rains in the past Gu season 2010.  Field reports indicate that shortages of water and pasture for the livestock are the main problems facing the pastoralist communities in the country. Food production (cereals, milk and meat) in the country has also drastically reduced leading to increased food prices, which will subsequently lead to an increase in the number of food insecure populations in Somalia. According to the result of a country-wide assessment carried out by the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU), released 28 January, some 2.4 million people are currently in the Humanitarian Emergency and Acute Food and Livehoods Crsis in the country, up from the two million people for last year (For more details please see FSNAU website http://www.fsnau.org ).

Areas of concern
As the drought situation worsens, and since the last update, new areas of crisis have emerged such as Gedo, the Jubas, and the Agro pastoral areas of Shabelle and Bakool regions. Hiraan, Mudug, Galgaduud, Sool, Sanaag, Bari and Nugaal regions and the coastal areas of central Somalia are still main regions of concern (see website http://ochaonline.un.org/somalia for previous drought update).

According to field reports, the situation in Gedo Region is reportedly critical. Water, food assistance and health are said to be the priority needs for the drought-affected population in the region. Many more areas in Gedo are being hit by severe shortages of water as water pans continue to dry up. The worst affected district is Ceel Waaq where the number of boreholes is limited. Media and field reports indicate that animals have started dying. Many drought-affected families have moved nearer to urban centres including Belet Xaawo – Luuq and Baardheere. Some families have started selling their assets (particularly in Garbahaarey District) to get money for transport to refugee camps in Kenya and Ethiopia.

In Bay and Bakool regions, Diinsoor, Qansax Dheere, Buur Hakaba and Berdaale are the worst affected areas these regions. According to field reports many people affected by the drought are moving out of these areas in search of livelihoods. The majority of these people have moved towards Doolow, Ethiopia, some with their livestock in search of water.

Drought Effect/Malnutrition
Malnutrition rates in south Somalia are already increasing. A recent survey in the Jubas indicates rates of 30 percent acute malnutrition, which is double the threshold (15 per cent) used to release emergency assistance. FSNAU has also analyzed the results from three nutrition surveys conducted on livelihoods in Gedo region in December 2010. Similar to the survey on the Jubas, all three surveys report levels of acute malnutrition (GAM) above 25 per cent. These results indicate a sustained Very Critical situation in the Agro pastoral population from six months ago but a deterioration to Very Critical in the riverine and pastoral livelihoods from six months ago, when results of less than 20 per cent  were reported.

Displacement Due to Drought
Reports of displacement from several locations affected by the ongoing drought have emerged. UNHCR says that approximately 12,000 people have been displaced countrywide due to the drought, but it is anticipated that the figure could be much higher than this. Pastoralists from south/central Somalia, including Middle and Lower Shabelle, Bay and Bakool regions, have moved to areas in Mogadishu and its outskirts in search of fodder for animals, food aid and casual work. Such movement by pastoralists into urban centres portrays the severity of the drought situation in the country. Pastoralists from some areas of Bay region are also moving into the riverine areas in Lower Shabelle region, while some from Bakool Region have crossed into Ethiopia with their animals through the border town of Doolow. There are no clear estimates available on how many pastoralists have moved. Some pastoralists are said to be migrating away from areas controlled by Al Shabaab following the forced Zakat (Sharia-based alms) collections being implemented. Al Shabaab Administrations in south/central Somalia recently announced the implementation of the Zakat collection to support the drought affected populations in the country.

In Gaalkacyo, Mudug region, at least 10 to 15 people have arrived daily from Mogadishu, Bay and Gedo regions searching for better livelihood opportunities and fleeing insecurity. Field reports also indicate that unconfirmed numbers of people have moved from Bay and Bakool regions to Luuq, Burdhubo and Baardheere districts in Gedo and Juba regions, while others have crossed the Kenyan and Ethiopian borders.The majority of the people displaced due to drought are said to be women, children and the elderly. The influx of displaced are  an additional burden to host communities who are equally affected by the drought.

Drought Response Coordination
Drought response and coordination are ongoing. US $4.5 million was released from the CHF for response to immediate drought needs. The Agriculture and Livelihoods Cluster has selected 18 projects with a budget of $3 million from the dedicated CHF funding for an emergency drought response. Seventeen of these proposals have already been approved for funding and are at implementation stage. The Agriculture and Livelihoods proposals are expected to cover drought-affected communities in Hiraan, Galgaduud, Mudug, Bakool, Lower and Middle Shabelle, Lower Juba, Gedo, Sool and Sanaag regions. The WASH Cluster has also selected eight projects in the most affected regions with a budget of $1.5 million. Five of those proposals have been approved for funding. UN OCHA is now finalizing any remaining project proposals. The Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has allocated $15 million for Somalia through the under-funded window. Agencies are currently working on their CERF submissions. The CERF grant will include WASH, Nutrition, Health, Agriculture and Livelihoods, NFIs/Shelter and Food clusters.

Local Response Efforts         
Local drought response efforts are currently going on in several locations in Somalia. In Somaliland, the government has planned water-trucking activities to drought affected populations in Togdheer and Sool regions and parts of Sanaag region. In south/central Somalia, Hormud Telecommunication Company has started water trucking activities in some villages.  In Gedo, for example, the water trucking programme is targeting the drought-affected pastoralists, particularly in Garbahaarey, Ceel Waaq and Baardheere Districts. The company also did some cash distributions to IDP beneficiaries, including the newly arrived drought-affected, and also food donations including 25kg of rice, 3 litres of vegetable oil to the IDP beneficiaries in Dharkenley, Medina and Hamarweyn districts of Mogadishu.

Three women organizations including the Somali Womens Agenda, Hinna and Womens Business Association met in Mogadishu to discuss how they could raise funds to help the drought-affected populations in the region. According to field report, the women groups managed to raise $40,000 to be distributed to the most vulnerable households within the displaced populations.

The local money transfer agency (locally known as Xawaala), Dahabshiil, has reportedly donated some $150,000 dollars to cover drought intervention projects in priority areas in Somalia.

Response priorities
The current CHF response priorities covered WASH and Agriculture/Livelihoods. With the $15 million CERF allocation, the priority areas of intervention is expected to include four more areas including Health, Nutrition and NFI/Shelter and Food clusters.

Challenges

  1. Access: Insecurity and the lack of access will impact the timely deliverance of assistance in many parts of south and central Somalia regions.
  2. WFP has warned of food commodity shortfall. A break in the food pipeline is anticipated from late March or early April through July 2011 with a shortfall of 36 million, and as from April, there should be serious problem if funding will not come.
  3. Pastoralists need to migrate further to access water and pasture for livestock. This could increase resource-based conflicts.
  4. Increased displacement due to food insecurity may occur.

For more information contact OCHA’s Public Information Officer, Dawn Blalock at blalock@un.org



Somaliweyn Media Center (SMC)

Members Photos Advertisement

 
News From Somalia
Today's New 24 Janaury-2011
Nine children die another serious condition of starvation in Somalia (Read more) 24-Jan-2011

Un calls on international community to step up support as somalia marks 20 years of conflict (Read more) 24-Jan-2011

Today's New 23 Janaury-2011
Puntland Minister Commends S. Korea and Malaysia Navy Raids on Pirates (Read more) 23-Jan-2011


Somali Community
in Germany celebrates return of the Somali embassy in Germany (Read more) 23-Jan-2011

Uganda and South Africa taking meeting About the situation of Somalia (Read more) 23-Jan-2011

Danish money for Somaliland pirate prison (Read more) 23-Jan-2011

Journalist sentenced to 3 years in prison and a fine in Somaliland (Read more) 23-Jan-2011

KENYA: Ifo II refugee camp lies empty whilst tens of thousands of Somali refugees (Read more) 23-Jan-2011

Ecoterra: Status of seized vessels and crews in Somalia 13 Jan 2011 (Read more) 23-Jan-2011

Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin 14-21 January 2011 (Read more) 23-Jan-2011

Naked Aggression on Somaliland By what saw call Somalia P.M.faragaajo (Read more) 23-Jan-2011

Today's New 22 Janaury-2011

New Internet-Based Money Transfer Service for Zimbabwe & Zambia (Read more) 22-Jan-2011


Somalia Prime Minister’s speech - the University of Rome 3 (Read more) 21-Jan-2011

Today's New 21 Janaury-2011

Press release: Somalia Prime Minister meets the Prime Minister of Italy (Read more) 21-Jan-2011


Somalia: Italy’s new peacemaking efforts : Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi Bilateral Meeting with Somalia's Prime Minister Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed (Read more) 21-Jan-2011


Somali government named new ambassador to Sudan (Read more) 21-Jan-2011

Somaliland: If Eritrea & South Sudan Could Gain Sovereignty, So Could Somaliland (Read more) 21-Jan-2011

Today's New 20 Janaury-2011
Two soldiers were killed another wounded in central Somalia clash (Read more) 20-Jan-2011

Somali FM strongly denounces Al-Shabab (Read more) 20-Jan-2011

Today's New 19 Janaury-2011

Somali PM due to open talks with Puntland state authority (Read more) 19-Jan-2011

Somali MPs engaged in realising detained Somalis in Mombasa (Read more) 19-Jan-2011

Italian Foreign Minister Frattini's meeting with Somali Prime Minister confirmed (Read more) 19-Jan-2011

Today's New 18 Janaury-2011
Kampala: 4 children demised in a Fire in Kampala (Read more) 18-Jan-2011


Somali President Attends Inauguration Ceremony for the Training of 500 Somali Police Recruits in Djibouti (Read more) 17-Jan-2011

Today's New 17 Janaury-2011
A famous Somali tycoon wanted, images depicted on International Airports (Read more) 17-Jan-2011

Somali legislators’ inquiry different government institutions (Read more) 17-Jan-2011

Somali leader returns home to WNY : Urges world action against terrorism (Read more) 17-Jan-2011

Somalis in Europe fastened their belts to Help fellow Somalis back home (Read more) 17-Jan-2011

President Shariff attends Police training opening ceremony (Read more) 17-Jan-2011

President Geele of Djibouti officially accepts credentials from new Somali Ambassador (Read more) 17-Jan-2011

Gal-Mudug state strongly denounce Humanitarian agency (Read more) 17-Jan-2011

Somali pirates seize Greek-owned ship, release another (Read more) 17-Jan-2011

The 2nd annual Conference on peaceful co-existence, dialogue and combating radicalization (Read more) 17-Jan-2011

Today's New 17 Janaury-2011
Puntland’s New Position Towards the TFG of Somalia (Read more) 16-Jan-2011

Emergency Alarming Situation Report of Upper Bokool Region of Somalia (Read more) 16-Jan-2011

Military court passes execution on 3 government soldiers (Read more) 15-Jan-2011

Ten Al-Shabab fighters apprehended at Burco town in Somaliland (Read more) 15-Jan-2011

Fear for Kidnapped Journalist’ Life (Read more) 15-Jan-2011

Ecoterra: Status of seized vessels and crews in Somalia 13 Jan 2011 (Read more) 15-Jan-2011

New Global Fund grant helps refocus support on HIV fight (Read more) 15-Jan-2011

Puntland’s Anti-piracy Forces Smokescreen for Hunting Oil & Minerals Unlawfully (guji-riix)

Prime Minister's Speech to the UN Security Counci
(Read more)
Security Council Media Stakeout: Farmajo
(Video)

The PM had meetings with UN Officials in New York (Read more) 14-Jan-2011
Today's New 14 Janaury-2011
Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin 7-14 January 2011 (Read more) 14-Jan-2011

Ecoterra: Status of seized vessels and crews in Somalia 10 Jan 2011 (Read more) 12-Jan-2011

Somalia Government reunites child soldiers with their families (Read more) 12-Jan-2011

الحكومة الصومالية تعيد أطفالا مجندين الي عائلاتهم
(Read more) 12-Jan-2011

Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) calls for medical staff's freedom of movement to be respected (Read more) 11-Jan-2011

News From Somalia
Today's New 10 Janaury-2011
Speech by His Excellency, Dr. Abdirahman Mohamed Mohamud (Farole), the President of Puntland: (Read more) 10-Jan-2011

SAACID’s hygiene campaign going well in Banadir region (Read more) 10-Jan-2011

Accusation towards the International Organizations and NGOs that operates in Somalia  (Read more) 10-Jan-2011

Today's New 7 Janaury-2011
For Immediate Release
UN calls for humanitarian access as drought hits Somalia (Read more) 7-Jan-2011

Somali Government to fight against corruption (Read more) 7-Jan-2011

Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin #1, 31 December 2010-7 January 2011 (Read more) 7-Jan-2011

NUSOJ releases Annual Report on State of Freedom of the Press in Somalia (Read more) 7-Jan-2011

Saracen scandal exposed TFG’s hypocrisy and incompetence (Read more) 7-Jan-2011

Ecoterra: Status of seized vessels and crews in Somalia, the Gulf of Aden and the Indian ocean (ecoterra - 06. January 2011) (Read more) 7-Jan-2011

الحكومة الصومالية تطلق برنامجا لمكافحة الفساد
(Read more) 7-Jan-2011

Today's New 5 Janaury-2011
UN Envoy for Somali lands Mogadishu in a short trip (Read more) 5-Jan-2011

Debunking Common Fallacies about Who Abandoned Somali Unity (Read more) 5-Jan-2011

80 African migrants are missed in Yemeni coast (Read more) 5-Jan-2011
Today's New 3 Janaury-2011
SOCHRO- Call upon UN-Agencies, Donor Countries, International Charitable Organization and Somali Diaspora  (Read more) 3-Jan-2011

 قراصنة صوماليون يستولون على سفينة صيد موزامبيقية  اسماعيل حلنى  
(Read more) 3-Jan-2011

SSC: past founders and present advocates of the Somali nation (Read more) 2-Jan-2011

Puntland is Deeply Concerned About Somaliland’s Growing Ties to Al Shabaab (Read more) 2-Jan-2011

Somalia Prime Minister congratulates Banadir for its championship in the Inter-region Cup (Read more) 2-Jan-2011

Ecoterra: Status of seized vessels and crews in Somalia 01 Jan 2011 (Read more) 1-Jan-2011

Midaynta Community Services (Read more) 1-Jan-2011

Somali Brave Journalists Need Recognition and Support (Read more) 1-Jan-2011

Puntland Court Releases Reporter after 6 months in Jail (Read more) 1-Jan-2011


Press Release:
AMISOM condemns attack on civilians (Read more) 30-Dec-2010

Today's New 30 December-2010
Abdourahman Boreh to run for presidency in Djibouti (Read more) 30-Dec-2010

Somalia Current Situation (Read more) 30-Dec-2010

From sovereignty to uncertainty! The worst illiterates’ choice (Read more) 30-Dec-2010

Petition to Remove Corrupt Minister of Information, Post and Telecom Abdul Kareem Jama, Finance Minister Halane, and the parliament Warlord Mr. Furux (Read more) 29-Dec-2010

Ecoterra: Status of seized vessels and crews in Somalia, the Gulf of Aden  and the Indian ocean  (ecoterra - 27. December 2010) (Read more) 28-Dec-2010

Press release 55: SARACEN International (Read more) 27-Dec-2010

Ecoterra: Status of seized vessels and crews in Somalia, the Gulf of Aden  and the Indian ocean  (ecoterra - 25. December 2010) (Read more) 25-Dec-2010

Dutch arrest 12 on suspicion of terrorism (Read more) 25-Dec-2010


Presents The
Australian Somali Football Championships 2010 (Read more) 25-Dec-2010

Today's New 24 December-2010
Somali militants announce merger, threaten attacks (Read more) 24-Dec-2010

Saudi Arabia: Stop Deporting Somalis to Mogadishu (Read more) 24-Dec-2010

Saracen international in Somalia what is next?  By  Said Dualeh (Read more) 24-Dec-2010

Evaluation and advices to the Somali social media sites (Read more) 24-Dec-2010

Mouvement pour le Renouveau démocratique et le Développement (MRD) (Read more) 24-Dec-2010

Today's New 23 December-2010

SOMALIA: All to play for in unifying football tournament (Read more) 23-Dec-2010

Somali Prime Minister Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed .Al Shabaab have betrayed Islam (Read more) 22-Dec-2010

SAACID Organisation carrying out hygiene campaign in 11 districts in Mogadishu (Read more) 22-Dec-2010

Today's New 21 December-2010
AMISOM repairs damaged Shabelle radio perimeter wall (Read more) 21-Dec-2010

Organization of the islamic conference and WFP agree to work together in Somalia (Read more) 21-Dec-2010

Ecoterra: Status of seized vessels and crews in Somalia, the Gulf of Aden  and the Indian ocean (ecoterra - 20. December 2010)  (Read more) 21-Dec-2010


Somaliland Föreningen – vinnare av Malmö Stads Integrationspris! (Read more) 21-Dec-2010


Integrationsexpert som vill inspirera YASSIN MAHI: ”Vi är en del av Sverige” (Read more) 20-Dec-2010

Today's New 17 December-2010
Amisom rejects accusations of shelling Bakara market (Read more) 17-Dec-2010

More needs to be done to prevent child deaths in Somalia (Read more) 17-Dec-2010

Ecoterra: Status of seized vessels and crews in Somalia, the Gulf of Aden  and the Indian ocean  (ecoterra - 17. December 2010)  (Read more) 16-Dec-2010

Today's New 16 December-2010
Death of gravely ill Somalia (Read more) 16-Dec-2010

Somali-American on Terror Watch List Slips Back to U.S (Read more) 16-Dec-2010

Migrants and Asylum Seekers Tortured, Mistreated (Read more) 16-Dec-2010

NUSOJ annual report focuses on journalists’ precarious working conditions (Read more) 16-Dec-2010

Ecoterra: Status of seized vessels and crews in Somalia, the Gulf of Aden  and the Indian ocean  (ecoterra - 15. December 2010)  (Read more) 16-Dec-2010

Today's New 14 December-2010
Daybreak battle in the Somali capital Mogadishu (Read more) 14-Dec-2010

Al-Shabab steadily getting rid of Hizbul-Islam (Read more) 14-Dec-2010

President of Puntland Meets TFG Prime Minister in Djibouti i (Read more) 14-Dec-2010

PM Farmajo of Somalia in Djibouti (Read more) 13-Dec-2010

Somaliweyn Media Center (SMC)