Youth unemployment is a widely acknowledged trigger for radicalization, as the hopelessness it engenders increases youths’ vulnerability to exploitation, ideological manipulation and extremism.
In Somalia, employment opportunities in both urban and rural areas are scarce, and lack of employment, combined with limited educational opportunities, renders Somali youths susceptible to indoctrination by ideologically extremist groups, such as Al-Shabab and ISIS. Unemployed young people comprise the majority in Al-Shabab, violent clans, militia groups, and other criminal syndicate groups within and beyond Somalia’s borders.
To overcome the challenges young people face, and to enable them to meet their immediate needs and fulfil their long-term aspirations, it is necessary to improve access to education and employment.
This policy brief examines the conditions currently contributing to youth unemployment and provides workable recommendations with which to develop a formidable framework, to allow the government and other actors to implement policies and interventions to disrupt the link between youth unemployment and radicalization in Somalia